We will devote this article to talking about living in Turkey for Palestinians who want to live in it, as the Turkish Republic opens its doors to many Palestinians to reside on its land, by providing many facilities and procedures that will give them a decent life in various Turkish cities.
In this article we will go into more detail and provide information about the livelihood of Palestinians in Turkey, and the contracts concluded between the Turkish and Palestinian states that encourage Palestinian investments in Turkey.
Turkey – Palestine, the existing relations between the two countries
Turkey – Palestine by the Business Council, Palestinian Trade Center (PAL TRADE) CEO, Palestinian Investment Promotion Agency General Director of Palestinian Tourism on August 3, 2015 for the association’s participation in the Istanbul Intercontinental Ceylon Hotel “New Business and Investment in Palestine Opportunities Meeting.”
The Palestinian economy has improved compared to previous years, and is expected to grow by 2.9% this year.
Investments are expected to grow by 15.5%. The strength of the Free Trade Agreement between Turkey and the Palestinians
In order to increase the volume of trade between Turkey and the Palestinian Foreign Economic Relations Council, Ortak hosted the 17th meeting of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council in Istanbul with the participation of about 150 businessmen.
The meeting discussed relations and opportunities for cooperation between the two countries. The seventeenth joint meeting of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council of the Ambassador of the State of Palestine in Ankara Fada Mustafa, the President of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council, Jamal al-Din Qur’an, and the President of the Palestinian-Turkish Business Council Muhammad Alamo and the business community were held in Istanbul on November 12 with the participating representatives.
On the State of Palestine, speaking at the opening of the meeting, Ambassador Fedaa Mustafa, the deep-rooted relationship between Turkey and the Palestinians was special, based on a deep-rooted history, he stressed that there is a relationship between expectations about the future, which includes love and respect.
Mustafa indicated that they are continuing to work on the institutionalization of industry, trade and other relations between the two countries, and said, “Our current work is continuing vigorously. Cooperation development agreements are really promising. Of course it is very difficult to talk about numbers here.
He explained that there is an important and special relationship. A relationship based on blood relations between Turkey and Palestine. This meeting on the occasion of economic, trade and investment relations will reinforce great hope for our future. ”
“We aim to increase factory investments in Palestine”
DEIK’s Turkish-Palestinian Business Council said about verendeik / Turkey-Palestine Business Council Chairman Jamal al-Din Qur’an, and the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council / DEIK said that they are continuing their activities in order to increase the volume of trade between Turkey and Palestine. Karim explained that they have organized 4 events since November 2018,
“We hosted a Palestinian business delegation twice in November. In April 2019, we accompanied the Turkish business delegation to Palestine. And now we are holding a meeting today in Istanbul. According to information, our total exports to Palestine in 2018 amounted to 657 million dollars, while its imports reached 7 Millions and 760 thousand dollars.
Compared to 2019, imports and exports increased by one hundred percent. Our trade has increased by one hundred percent. “Our target is $ 2 billion and we are now approaching one billion dollars. We want to work directly with Palestine. I hope that our work will continue. As DEIK, our main goal is to increase factory investments in Palestine. We hope to increase investments in energy and plastic factories in Palestine.” .
“Let’s start working directly in Palestine”
The Palestinian-Turkish Business Council Bashki Mehmed Alamo always said that they attach importance to cooperation with Turkey. Al-Amor indicated that the general outlook outside Palestine and any investment made in Palestine is very dangerous.
He said, “The investment in Palestine is really very strong, and there are many investment opportunities. We celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the establishment of a pharmaceutical factory, which is a great success story and at the same time a witness to our work,”
We have started the procedures for building a special industrial zone in Palestine. The private sector, Palestine, Turkey has shown a tremendous performance in this particular area, and this region will serve as a model, and sectors such as industry and agriculture from all the investments that will be established in Palestine will be important to the two countries, and this raises a great opportunity to increase the volume of trade. This is an open invitation to you. Come and take advantage of this An invitation to the Palestinian people and the Turkish people. It would be of maximum use. I invite you to work directly with Palestine. “The meeting ended with bilateral trade talks after opening speeches.
Evaluating investment opportunities in Turkey for the Palestinians
A meeting of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council was held in Istanbul, which was organized by new business and investment opportunities in Palestine.
Meeting new business and investment opportunities in Palestine, the Palestinian ambassador, Dr. Ms. Fedaa Mustafa, hosted by President Kennan Malatya, hosted the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council today in Istanbul. Ambassador of the State of Palestine d. Fida Mustafa, between the two countries representing Palestine in Turkey, said he was fired for two months.
Mustafa said: The Palestinian people have an emotional relationship with the Turkish people, “I invite you to Palestine. You will see the bond of affection that the Palestinians have built with you.”
In commercial relations between Turkey and Palestine, the Palestinian Businessmen Association said that they want to see Mustafa’s leap, that the two countries play an important role in terms of relations.
Mustafa indicated that there are different investment areas in Palestine, and said that there are investment opportunities in tourism and religious tourism.
Mustafa said, “There are great investment opportunities between the two countries, we want you to invest, not help. We want to offer investment opportunities to our partners.”
Palestinians live in different regions and continents. “You can open up to the world through the Palestinians.”
Mustafa indicated that they are in this meeting to listen to the proposals and requests of our Turkish friends, and to exchange views to remove the difficulties between the two countries,
Mustafa said the legal system will be revised so that the private sector can better evaluate investment opportunities. Mustafa indicated that there are agreements that will be signed in order to increase trade relations between the two countries, and Mustafa said that negotiations with the Ministry of Economy will continue.
Kenan Malatya, Chairman of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council, said that the main goal of the Turkish-Palestinian Business Council is to support the development of economic relations between the two countries.
Noting that cooperation with the Turkish and Palestinian private sectors is targeting Turkish companies to invest in Palestine, Malatili said that the current free trade agreement constitutes a very positive ground for investment.
Malatili stressed that it is hoped that the organized industrial zone in Jenin will pave the ground as soon as possible, and that the goal is for Turkish companies to invest in Palestine. Malatili said that the existence of Palestine with increasing prosperity is of great importance to the stability of the region.
Following the opening ceremony of the meeting, Rana Abu Sebaa, Director of Economic Affairs at the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Doaa Wadi, Board Member of the Palestinian Businesswomen Forum (BWF), Director of Trade and Investment in the Palestinian Market Development Program (PMDP) Muhammad Hussein, Palestinian trade (Paltrade) commercial. Shawky Maktoob, Policy Director, made the requested offers.
How can a residence permit be obtained in Turkey for the Palestinians?
Palestinian citizens can obtain one of the following types of residency:
Any Palestinian citizen who obtained a visa to enter the territory of the Turkish Republic is entitled to apply for a tourist residence permit for the purpose of tourism for a period of one year.
Residence based on real estate ownership in Turkey:
A Palestinian citizen who owns a property in Turkey is entitled to obtain a residence permit on the basis of the property (real estate residency), along with his wife and family members, for a period of two years, renewed periodically.
In the event that one of the spouses obtains any type of residence in Turkey, the other spouse and the rest of the family members are entitled to obtain a companion residence whose period is related to the period of residence of the first spouse.
Any Palestinian student studying at one of the government or private Turkish universities is entitled to obtain a residency whose duration is linked to the duration of the study.
Residence of the Palestinian investor:
The Turkish government provides all the administrative and legal facilities to Palestinian investors wishing to transfer their business and money to Turkey, by facilitating the procedures for opening specific official companies at a cost not exceeding one thousand US dollars within two days only!
In addition to obtaining an investor residence permit, it gives its owner the right to apply for Turkish citizenship if he owns a property worth 250 thousand dollars.
A Palestinian employee with a job in a Turkish company or institution obtains a blue work permit that entitles him to work in Turkey legally, and then apply for Turkish citizenship after 5 years of work.
Turkey and the Palestinian Initiative Project to Revive the Palestinian Free Industrial Zone
With the initiative of the Palestinian Action Plan announced by the government on December 24, 2003, the first concrete step in this direction was taken, and it was decided to provide assistance to Palestine within the framework of the plan. The Palestinian Economic and Social Cooperation Coordination Organization was established in 2004 in order to coordinate assistance activities and make the necessary contacts in these areas.
Mr. Wehbe Dincherler still undertook this duty. On the other hand, the opening of an office in Ramallah by the Turkish Administration for Cooperation and Development (TIKA) in 2005 was one of the most significant tangible developments for the opening of Palestine.
Many years for Palestine contained in-kind and financial aid to Turkey, agriculture, finance, industry, small and medium enterprise development, and health in areas such as the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) to implement bilateral projects and will be provided from Turkey to supply goods and services provided for financing. Decided to provide a cash grant of 900 thousand US dollars for this country in 2004.
The grant agreement for this was signed on December 21, 2004, and the transfer of resources from the aforementioned grant to projects has started since 2005. Project financial support is implemented from grants by TIKA with the coordination of our Ministry. In the same context, it is envisaged that arrangements will be made for 2006 and 2007.
Also, while Turkey maintains its financial support for Palestine between the two parties to contribute to the confidence-building measure and open communication channels between the private sector, the initiative has also started. In this regard, the initiative of the Union of Turkish Chambers and Exchanges (TOBB), the Palestinian Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture and representatives of the Palestinian Industrialists Union in Ankara on April 27, 2005 and brought together with Turkish businessmen.
In the aforementioned tripartite meeting, which is set to contribute to the “privatization of the peace process”, ideas were exchanged on industrial investments, tourism, infrastructure, commodity movement and education projects. It was decided to institutionalize this initiative and agree to continue the tripartite meetings under the name “Ankara Forum.”
Palestinian Turkish Free Industrial
The second Ankara Forum and in accordance with the decisions taken at the third meeting to work under the roof of TOBB The Turkish Economic Policy Research Foundation in Turkey (TEPAV) Industrial Free Zone in Palestine began to work again in the direction of the launch, first prepared a report of the authorities that were sent to the region. The road map to be followed after negotiations with the Palestinian Authority.
The specific purpose of the Ankara Forum is to create an environment for dialogue between private sector organizations in the three countries, thus increasing the contribution of business circles to issues related to economic cooperation and establishing the necessary mechanisms to implement concrete projects. The overall objective of the forum is to contribute to peace in the Middle East by promoting a civil society initiative.
In the second meeting of the Ankara Forum, which has a first feature in terms of creating a platform in which representatives of Turkish and Palestinian professional organizations meet, in the second meeting held in East Jerusalem on June 8, 2005,
It was approved to form a working group to evaluate tourism opportunities between the three countries. In the meeting, the project to revive the Palestinian Free Industrial Zone in Gaza was embodied, and it was agreed to form another “working group” to work on this issue and conduct studies in coordination with the International Telecommunication Union.
In the joint declaration adopted at the third meeting of the Ankara Forum held in Istanbul on 20 and 21 September 2005, the will was repeated to activate the Free Industrial Zone in Palestine, and the importance of the parties signing the necessary documents in this regard was emphasized.
At the end of the meeting, officials of the European Petroleum Union (TOBB) presented two separate draft memoranda of understanding to the Israeli and Palestinian parties, asking them to transmit their opinions and proposals.
It is believed that the fourth meeting of the Ankara Forum will be held in our country in the coming period.
In the first phase of the project, the importance of signing the documents submitted to the Palestinian side in terms of completing the legal basis for the operation of the free industrial zone was emphasized, and a way was sought to agree on draft texts.
After the exchange of views, the agreed texts were signed separately with the Palestinian and Israeli foreign ministers during our minister’s visit to the region on 4-5 January 2006.
In this context, state governments contribute to the development of private sector activities on the basis of tangible commercial projects with their relations in the economic development of Palestine, and create new job opportunities for young people, and Turkey benefits from knowledge and experience in this field, the industrial zone, especially the Gaza Strip industry and they aim to use it. As a tool for commercial development and to create a model for other countries.
In the next phase, it is envisaged that the “managing company” established by TOBB will operate in accordance with Palestinian legislation in cooperation with the Palestinian Chamber of Commerce and prepare the infrastructure for the industrial zone. Within the framework of the draft Action Plan prepared by TOBB,
It is planned to clean up the concrete pillar formed as a result of the destruction in the industrial area in the first phase, to start building infrastructure in the second phase, to establish workshops in the third phase and to focus on investment activities in the last phase.
Currently, technical studies and field studies are being conducted in the field by a group of engineers and the project is being prepared. Within the scope of the reports to be prepared as a result of the studies, it is expected that the project activities will be implemented gradually.
The rehabilitation of the Palestinian Free Industrial Zone, which is inactive in the region, is crucial to the future of the Palestinian economy. The fact that the industrial zone, which has an area of about 600 dunums, provided employment opportunities for 6 thousand people in 200 establishments during the periods in which they were operating at full capacity indicates this.
It is believed that the project will play an important role in curbing the high level of unemployment in Palestine. With the activation of projects in the industrial zone, the goods to be produced will be exported to the Palestinian market, and this will restore vitality to the Palestinian economy.
It is expected that the project, which is expected to provide employment opportunities for 10 thousand Palestinians and attract investors from Europe, Japan and the United States to the region, will give new hope to the Palestinian people and help them get rid of violations of terrorist organizations, and thus indirectly serve the peace of the region.
Palestinians own real estate in Turkey
A Palestinian citizen residing in Turkey can buy a property and register it in his name in the Turkish Land Registry Department, and Turkish law has provided Palestinians with the right to own real estate in Turkey without specifying its number and type, provided that a number of legal procedures are completed regarding the purchase of real estate and ownership in Turkey.
It is worth noting that the Palestinian nationality entered in 2017 among the top 20 nationalities for foreign ownership in Turkey, and 2018 witnessed an increase in the number of properties owned by Palestinians in Turkey compared to 2017, and this indicates the extent of the Palestinian interest in investing in Turkey.
Education and study in Turkey for Palestinians:
In terms of education, Turkey has succeeded in the past years in attracting a large number of Palestinian students estimated in the hundreds to study at its university according to the Turkish scholarship system, as Turkish universities in various Turkish cities open their doors every year to more than a hundred Palestinian students from the Israeli besieged Gaza Strip, and the cities of the occupied West Bank. To study “bachelors, masters and doctorates” in various specializations at the expense of the Turkish government.
Ankara is one of the most Turkish cities in which Palestinians reside in order to study at its universities, such as Ankara University, Gazi University, Hagi Bayram University, Hagtepe University and others, followed by Istanbul, Trebizond, Konya and Eskişehir.
Turkey grants Palestinian students who have received a grant from the Turkish government a visa, in addition to providing all university procedures and facilities until they reach Turkish lands, in addition to the student’s obtaining a monthly salary throughout the years of study.
There are also some Palestinian students who study in Turkish universities at their own expense, as the Palestinian student prefers Turkey to study for several reasons, most notably the political and economic stability that the Turkish arena is witnessing. Turkey also enjoys a high quality of education, as its educational institutions have a global level of appreciation and experience, which made it a kiss Many Palestinian students to study at its university.
Potential problems facing Palestinian projects
On the other hand, the efficient and effective operation of the industrial zone depends on the continuous availability of goods in and out of the area from the Israeli-controlled Ashdod port. In this regard, ensuring coordination between parties in transport is a priority. If Gaza airport is operational, it will contribute significantly to bridging the gap in this area.
Providing the region’s needs of electricity and water and solving the wastewater problem are other problems facing the managing company that will operate the area.
It is hoped that these problems will be overcome as a result of the positive attitudes of the Israeli side regarding each of these issues and security, which were revealed above.
The success of the project will be directly proportional to the funding needed to rebuild the destroyed infrastructure in the area. TOBB made its first attempt in this regard before “Quartet” Special Representative James Wolfensohn. Wolfensohn, President of the European Telecommunication Union, met with Rıfat Hisarciklioglu.
This type of project for the establishment of an industrial zone in Turkey stated that the most appropriate third parties would cooperate with both Israel and Palestine, and indicated that they are ready to provide the necessary support for the project.
The most important attempt to find international support for the project was made by our Prime Minister. Our prime minister informed Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi, who visited our country from 9 to 12 January 2006, about the project and stated that Japan’s support can be effective in implementing the project. Later, contacts between TOBB and the Japanese Embassy in Ankara began to cooperate on this issue.
Completing the infrastructure of the industrial park will create a suitable ground for inviting international investors to the area.
It is noteworthy that efforts are being made to provide various incentives such as exporting duty-free goods and quotas to the United States of America, the European Union and Gulf countries for investors from other countries, especially Turkish investors, to invest in the region.
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